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The Science of Sleep: How to Get Better Sleep Every Night

9 months, 3 weeks ago

6955  0
Posted on Jun 30, 2023, 12 p.m.

We all know the feeling of waking up groggy and exhausted, struggling to find the energy to tackle the day ahead. The key to breaking free from this cycle lies in understanding the science of sleep and adopting evidence-based strategies to enhance its quality. So, let's explore the stages of sleeping and the role of circadian rhythms in regulating our sleep-wake cycles to transform your habits and embark on the journey to obtain better sleep every night!

Get Better Sleep Every Night: Understand the Science 

Sleep is far from being a passive state of unconsciousness. On the contrary, it's a complex process that plays a vital role in our physical and mental well-being. To improve our sleep quality, we must learn more about its stages.

When we fall asleep, our brains go through different stages: Non-Rapid Eye Movement (NREM) and Rapid Eye Movement (REM). During the NREM stage, our bodies repair and restore themselves, while REM sleep supports cognitive functions like memory consolidation and learning. Both stages are crucial for our overall health and vitality.

But what regulates these two stages? Enter circadian rhythms, our internal biological clocks synchronizing with the 24-hour day-night cycle. These rhythms influence our sleeping patterns, body temperature, and hormone production. Understanding and aligning with our circadian rhythms can optimize this cycle and promote better sleep.

Moreover, the duration and timing of our night's rest are equally important. Adults require 7-9 hours of sleep each night for optimal functioning. Consistency in the schedule is key, as irregular sleep patterns can disrupt our circadian rhythms and compromise quality.

Creating Your Sleep Sanctuary: Crafting an Environment for Optimal Rest

The quality of our rest can be significantly impacted by the environment in which we sleep in. You must curate an ideal environment that promotes relaxation and tranquility to get better sleep every night.

When creating a sleep sanctuary one of the most important things to keep in mind is light, because exposure to bright light, especially blue light emitted by electronic devices, can suppress the production of melatonin, the hormone that regulates sleep. Opt for blackout curtains or blinds to block out external light sources, ensuring a dark and conducive space.

Noise can also disrupt our nightly rest. If you live in a noisy area or are sensitive to sounds, try using earplugs or a white noise machine to mask disruptive noises and create a soothing atmosphere.

Temperature can also affect sleep quality as well. Keeping your bedroom on the cooler side, between 60-67 degrees Fahrenheit (15-19 degrees Celsius), and adjusting your bedding and clothing as the seasons change will help to provide comfort throughout the night.

A supportive mattress and comfortable bedding are essential for restful sleep. You can save money on certain purchases, but scrimping on a mattress may not be a good idea considering how important sleep is; invest in a quality mattress that suits your preferences, as a comfortable and supportive surface can help to alleviate aches and pains.

Lastly, emphasize the importance of a good night's rest wherever you are. Ensuring a comfortable sleep environment is crucial, whether on vacation or amid a move. When you're relocating, always pack your bedroom essentials within easy reach, that way you'll have your bedroom ready as soon as you arrive in your new home. And for your next holiday, choose accommodations with suitable beds to ensure a good night's rest.

The Power of Routine: Building Healthy Habits

Consistency is the cornerstone of a good sleep routine because establishing regular times to go to bed and wake up helps to regulate our internal body clocks, leading to more restorative and refreshing rest.

You could begin by setting a consistent bedtime and wake-up time, even on weekends, this practice will help to reinforce your body's natural sleep-wake cycle, making it easier to fall asleep and wake up refreshed.

In the hour(s) leading up to bedtime, create a wind-down routine to signal your body that it's time to relax such as engaging in calming activities like taking a warm bath, practicing relaxation techniques such as deep breathing or meditation, or reading a book. It is a good idea to avoid stimulating activities close to bedtime, such as vigorous exercise. Screen time is best to be avoided as well because the blue light emitted by electronic devices can interfere with melatonin production, making it harder to fall asleep. Instead, opt for gentle stretching or light yoga to promote relaxation.

Unwind for Blissful Sleep: Stress Management and Relaxation Techniques

Stress and sleep have a reciprocal relationship – excessive stress can disrupt sleep, while lack of sleep can amplify stress levels. To break this cycle, you must prioritize stress management and incorporate relaxation techniques into your daily routine.

Start by identifying sources of stress and implementing effective stress management strategies. Practice mindfulness and engage in activities that promote relaxation, such as yoga, tai chi, or progressive muscle relaxation as these techniques can help calm the mind and release tension from the body, preparing you for a restful night's sleep.

Creating clear boundaries between work and personal life is important, such as creating dedicated wind-down time and/or routine before bed to disconnect from electronic devices and engage in soothing activities that bring you joy and tranquility.

Fueling Your Sleep: How Diet and Exercise Affect Your Rest

The choices we make regarding diet and exercise have a profound impact on our sleep quality. By optimizing these lifestyle factors, we can set the stage for a more restful and rejuvenating experience.

When it comes to diet, avoid heavy meals close to bedtime as they can cause discomfort and disrupt sleeping patterns. Instead, opt for light snacks that promote relaxation, such as a small handful of nuts or a banana.

Regular exercise has been shown to improve sleep quality. Physical activity during the day can help reduce anxiety and promote deeper sleep at night, however, avoid vigorous exercise within a few hours of bedtime, as it may increase alertness and make it harder to fall asleep.

Unleash the Power of Quality Sleep: Embrace the Science for Better Rest

In our quest to get better sleep every night, we've explained the fundamentals of sleep science and explored the factors that impact the quality of our nightly rest. By following these evidence-based strategies, you can unlock many transformative benefits. Improved sleep quality enhances physical health, mental well-being, and productivity. So, start your journey to better sleep and wake up each morning refreshed, revitalized, and ready to conquer the world!

This article was written for WHN by Carry Higgins who is a sleep expert and author passionate about helping individuals achieve optimal rest. With a background in logistics and organization as a content writer for Spyder Moving, Carry understands the importance of creating a conducive sleep environment wherever you go.

As with anything you read on the internet, this article should not be construed as medical advice; please talk to your doctor or primary care provider before changing your wellness routine. This article is not intended to provide a medical diagnosis, recommendation, treatment, or endorsement.

Opinion Disclaimer: The views and opinions expressed in this article are those of the author and do not necessarily reflect the official policy of WHN/A4M. Any content provided by guest authors is of their own opinion and is not intended to malign any religion, ethic group, club, organization, company, individual, or anyone or anything.

Content may be edited for style and length.

References/Sources/Materials provided by:

https://www.sleepfoundation.org/stages-of-sleep

https://www.verywellhealth.com/the-four-stages-of-sleep-2795920

https://www.cdc.gov/niosh/emres/longhourstraining/environment.html

https://www.sleepadvisor.org/sleep/factor/environment/

https://hr.wustl.edu/creating-a-sleep-routine-6-steps-to-better-sleep/

https://www.healthline.com/health/nighttime-routine#winding-down

https://medicalxpress.com/news/2019-10-discovery-memories-stabilize.html

https://www.healthline.com/health/10-ways-to-relieve-stress

https://www.mentalhealth.org.uk/explore-mental-health/publications/how-manage-and-reduce-stress

https://worldhealth.net/news/how-memories-stabilize-when-we-sleep/

https://spydermoving.com/tips-for-packing-your-bedroom-for-moving/

https://worldhealth.net/news/sleeping-weekends-may-not-be-worth-health-risks/

https://worldhealth.net/news/why-stress-becoming-more-prevalent-5-ways-help-cope-it/

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