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Behavior Addiction Cognitive Depression

Alcohol, Depression, and Sunshine: What’s the Connection?

1 year ago

11837  0
Posted on Nov 08, 2021, 3 p.m.

Alcohol, depression, and sunshine. These sound like separate topics, right? But what if they aren’t? What if I told you that there is a very important connection between them- a link that can help us understand the effects of substance abuse and the value of the outdoors. 

How Alcoholism is Linked to Depression

It’s likely that you have heard of alcohol referred to as a depressant, a substance that reduces the activity of neurotransmitters in the brain. You’ve also likely heard stories about people who became alcoholics because drinking seemed like a solution to their feelings of depression. But how many understand the link between alcohol and the ongoing experience of depression?

Research shows that the majority of those experiencing depression are more likely to experience ongoing substance abuse as well, especially alcohol abuse. This is because individuals may use alcohol to help as a coping mechanism for stress. However, their increased consumption of alcohol results in an increased experience of depression. 

But while alcoholism can lead to a potentially fatal loss of mental function, does alcoholism really cause depression? Since alcohol changes the chemicals in the brain, a person’s thoughts and behaviors are directly affected. One example includes a reduction in a portion of the brain known as the hippocampus, the part of the brain that helps regulate emotions

1 in 4 people who experience either alcoholism or depression will experience them together as co-occurring disorders. Multiple studies indicate that when alcohol consumption is increased, depression increases. The same is often true of the reverse. This affects one’s ability to combat both depression that may already be present as well as the sedative and rewarding effects of alcohol consumption. If left unchecked, this can lead to devastating long-term effects, including an increased risk of cancer and major organ damage

Connecting the Dots With Vitamin D

It’s relatively common knowledge that Vitamin D helps support strong bones, but this vitamin also supports brain activity as well as cognitive health. In 2014, a study demonstrated that Vitamin D activates the production of serotonin, the key hormone that stabilizes mood. But while Vitamin D is vital for combating depression, patterns of excessive drinking cause a deficiency in Vitamin D. This explains why alcoholism and depression are so closely connected. 

In anticipation of winter, one related issue that comes up during this time of year is seasonal affective disorder, or SAD. This chemical imbalance is a result of what happens when people lose their most abundant natural source of vitamin D: sunlight. As the winter months bring shorter days as well as colder temperatures, causing people to be deterred from going outside. This can result in a deficient supply of serotonin which leads to depression, alcoholism, or both.

Nature as a Supplement

So how should we respond to this connection between depression, alcoholism, and vitamin D? There are good reasons to consider a vitamin D supplement or spend more time outdoors. However, these options are not enough, especially without addressing the root issue. 

The cycle that exists between alcoholism and depression is too dangerous to rely on just supplements and sunlight. In fact, excessive sunlight is actually a dangerous combination with alcoholism, which can result in heat exhaustion or stroke. If you or someone you know is caught in depression and alcoholism, it’s important to find the care and support needed to treat both issues simultaneously. 

This article was written by Kevin Morris from the Delphi Behavioral Health Group, a dedicated family of facilities committed to offering individualized treatment for all levels of addiction working to treat it at its core to provide those suffering with the tools to start a journey of long-lasting recovery. 

As with anything you read on the internet, this article should not be construed as medical advice; please talk to your doctor or primary care provider before making any changes to your wellness routine.

Content may be edited for style and length.

Materials provided by:

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Science Daily (2014, Feb, 16). Causal Link Found Between Vitamin D, Serotonin Synthesis and Autism. Retrieved from:

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Business Insider (2017, Oct, 13). People With Seasonal Affective Disorder Could be More at Risk of Becoming Alcoholics: Here's Why. Retrieved from:

MD Linx (2019, Aug, 01). A Dangerous Cocktail: Why Sun and Alcohol Shouldn’t Mix. Retrieved from:

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